IQ tests are useful, but people wrongly obsess over them

first_imgThis isn’t the first time that the president has spoken — and tweeted — about his apparently sky-high IQ.It’s hard to deny the grim entertainment value of the latest Trump spat.But the idea that an IQ score is just a bragging aid for egotistical politicians threatens to trivialize a genuine field of research.It doesn’t help, of course, that IQ tests hardly have a good reputation to begin with.Steeped in controversy, by far the most common reaction whenever the topic arises is the oh-so-droll refrain: “IQ tests only tell you how good you are at doing IQ tests!”In fact, IQ tests tell us much more than that, as a mountain of evidence from the fields of psychology, sociology, neuroscience, genetics and epidemiology attests.For instance, we know that people who do better at IQ tests tend to do better at school, in work and in terms of their physical and mental health. Second, nobody would argue that IQ is strictly biologically determined: The environment still has a crucial influence.Indeed, scientists don’t all share the fatalistic view of many IQ critics; rather, a great deal of IQ research is focused on how we might boost people’s abilities.For example, we know that factors like iodine deficiency are linked to lower IQ scores (a brilliant charity, the Iodine Global Network, is dedicated to doing something about this) and growing evidence appears to show positive effects of education on IQ.Research continues on whether improved physical fitness, among other influences, might help older adults stave off the decline of their mental abilities as they age.Another reason psychologists wince at self-satisfied crowing about IQ is that the tests can — in the right hands, and despite the immoral ways they have often been used in the past — serve a useful social purpose.After all, they were first invented to identify children in need of extra educational attention, and they can still serve that purpose.A terrific study from last year also illustrated how IQ tests can level the social playing field, finding that the use of objective cognitive tests — as opposed to referrals from parents and teachers, who aren’t always reliable at spotting talent in certain groups — improves representation of poor and minority children in gifted education programs.(The study is “Universal screening increases the representation of low-income and minority students in gifted education,” by David Carda and Laura Giuliano.) Categories: Editorial, OpinionMost scientists feel a certain nervousness when the topic they research appears in the news.Overstatement is par for the course, misunderstanding a near-inevitability. But what could be more cringe-worthy than the president of the United States engaging in a macho contest with his secretary of state over the area you research? I am, of course, talking about IQ testing.After Rex Tillerson allegedly called him a “moron,” Donald Trump this week suggested that he and Tillerson “compare IQ tests.”Naturally, Trump could “tell you who is going to win.” On average, they even live longer — and this doesn’t seem purely due to education or social class.Studies continually appear in top neuroscience journals linking MRI measures (such as the overall volume of the brain) to IQ scores, and some of the first IQ-related genetic variants are now being uncovered.Yet controversy around IQ tests and scoring remains.Some of it is due to the fear of immutability, or the worry that a low IQ score is set in stone, dooming a person to a life of failure and embarrassment.But this is misplaced.First, IQ is only one of a whole constellation of reasons, including hard work and sheer chance, why people get to where they end up in life.And as the writer Scott Alexander has recently noted, the findings discussed above are all averages and tendencies and trends at the group level: they absolutely don’t apply to every individual person who gets a particular score on the test.center_img Treating IQ as a frivolous, point-scoring game makes it easier to write off perfectly serious research and ignore the useful information we can get from cognitive tests.It contributes to the mistaken notion that, with IQ tests, psychologists are trying to sum up the worth of a person, rather than develop useful tools to understand the mind and identify different levels of ability.Most importantly, it fails to recognize what many scientists in this field already do: that the mere possession of a high IQ score isn’t what matters. We don’t admire history’s great scientists, mathematicians, composers and artists because they were intelligent per se; we do so because they used their intelligence to produce something worthwhile in the world.Those who would bandy around their high IQ as if it in itself entitled them to respect should take note.Stuart Ritchie is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Edinburgh. More from The Daily Gazette:EDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusEDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motoristsFoss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?EDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationEDITORIAL: Find a way to get family members into nursing homeslast_img read more

37% NAV rise for Grainger

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

INDOT to work on Brookville slide site

first_imgBROOKVILLE, Ind. — The Indiana Department of Transportation will begin work this week to secure the embankments along US 52 in Brookville where the rock-slide prompted a road closure.Crews will begin operations Thursday (1/5) at that site.Officials anticipate operations will continue through next week.Crews will secure the embankments by embedding more than 160 soil nails into the slopes.Steel plates will attach to the ends of the 20 foot long nails.Finally reinforced shotcrete will be used to overcoat the steel plates.last_img read more

New Motor Carrier Inspector assigned to West Harrison

first_img(L to R) Gerald L. Farmer, Richard A. Wieczorek, Michael Buckley, Indiana State Police Superintendent Douglas G. Carter, Donald F. Aldrich, Chad Mysiewicz, Gerald StumpINDIANAPOLIS, Ind. — The Indiana State Police Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Division recently graduated 6 new Motor Carrier Inspectors from its 2016-2017 Motor Carrier Inspector Recruit Academy.An Indiana State Police Motor Carrier Inspector is a uniformed civilian employee with limited enforcement authority tasked with enforcing the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations and certain Indiana state laws governing trucks and buses.Michael Buckley is assigned to the Versailles District’s West Harrison Scale facility.last_img read more

Iheanacho closing in on Giroud’s Premier League record

first_img Loading… Nigeria international, Kelechi Iheanacho, is closing in on a Premier League record currently held by Chelsea’s Olivier Giroud. With question marks over his future at King Power Stadium, the ex-Manchester City man scored a goal for the Foxes in their 2-1 defeat to Everton in Wednesday’s English topflight encounter. Richarlison and Gylfi Sigurdsson handed Carlo Ancelotti’s men a two-goal lead at the Goodison Park to head into the half-time break with an immense advantage. Nevertheless, Iheanacho pulled one back for Brendan Rodgers’ side in the 51st minute – five minutes after replacing Englishman Harvey Barnes. Everton’s Mason Holgate tried clearing the ball but it hits the Nigerian in the face and springs into the net. The goal was his first league goal in 2020, and that brought him only next to France international Giroud who is the competition’s most productive substitute with 16 goals since the 23-year-old’s EPL debut against Watford on August 30, 2015. For Iheanacho, it was his eighth goal as a replacement and he needs eight more strikes to equal the World Cup winner’s mark.Advertisementcenter_img Despite the loss, Leicester sit in third position in the log as they continue their chase for a place in next season’s Champions League, albeit they face a stiff competition from Manchester United and Wolverhampton Wanderers. Following his inability to tie down a regular place in Pep Guardiola’s Citizens, Iheanacho was sold to the King Power Stadium outfit for a reported fee of £25 million fee on a five-year deal in 2017. Five months after joining Rodgers’ team, he became the first player in English football to be awarded a goal by VAR after the referee had been incorrectly ruled offside for his second goal against Fleetwood Town. read also:Fractured hand rules Iheanacho out of Serbia friendly Reports have it that the forward who boasts of four goals in 15 league games so far could be shipped out of the club at the end of the season owing to low productivity. Even at this, he would be hoping to keep up with his newly found form when Leicester City welcome Wilfred Zaha and Jordan Ayew’s Crystal Palace before travelling to the Emirates Stadium for a date with Mikel Arteta’s Arsenal on Tuesday. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more

Sanmoogan finishes sixth in Olympics heat

first_img… will learn from experience, says coach Sean BakshTHE second of Guyana’s two-man swim contingent, Jamila Kezia Sanmoogan, finished sixth in her 50m freestyle heat in the 2016 Rio Olympic Games. Sanmoogan finished with a time of 28.88, finishing 0.62 seconds off her previous personal best of 28.26 going into the games. The swimmer, who is also in the Guyana Olympic squad based on FINA’s universality place rules, was supposed to reduce her personal best, just as swim teammate Hannibal Gaskin had done.According to senior National coach Sean Baksh, the 19-year-old had a good start but a shaky finish.“She had a good start, her underwater was good, but coming to the end of the race, she loosened up, and that contributed seconds to her time,” Baksh stated.Baksh was also of the opinion that Jamila could swim at 27 seconds, going a second faster than her personal best.“Jamila has the potential to swim 27 seconds, she can definitely do it, she will learn from this experience,” finished Baksh.The Guyana Amateur Swimming Association (GASA) extended their support, saying “We wish Jamila well, we don’t know what happened but we are waiting on a report,” GASA also went on to say, “Nevertheless we are proud of Jamila and everything she has accomplished.”Jamila’s campaign may have ended with her not cutting down any time or advancing but the swimmer returns to Colombia after Rio. She is on scholarship at the University of Sport in Cali where she is swimming as well as studying physio therapy.last_img read more

Offensive, defensive lapses bring overtime against Redbirds

first_imgIn their final home game before Big Ten play begins, the Wisconsin women’s soccer team found itself struggling to defeat Illinois State.The No. 15 Badgers (5-1-0) came out victorious in Sunday night’s game, but inconsistencies on both the offensive and defensive side for UW brought the game to overtime.Scoring goals has not been an issue for Wisconsin this season. In its first six games, the Badgers have put 17 balls in the back of the net, seven more than they were able to finish in the first games of last season.But panic showed on the field as players rushed to complete passes and take shots as they approached the Redbirds’ defense. Even with three goals in the game, head coach Paula Wilkins believes her team can do more to push the front of the field.“I felt we got rushed in the final third. We have been more patient in previous games,” Wilkins said after the game. “It is important to me that [players] worry less about the results and more about the performance and I think that we got a little unsteady.”During the first half, UW looked strong on the attack, outshooting Illinois State 8-6, and headed into halftime with a 1-0 lead.However, the second half was a different story as Wisconsin managed just six shots. UW drove balls in from outside the 18-yard box, and when the Badgers could have controlled the ball to set themselves up for a shot the ball was instead quickly kicked into the keeper’s hands.“It was in spans. We would play good for a few minutes and then fall into ball watching,” sophomore forward Cara Walls said. “But we got it together in the end.”Despite the poor finishing in the latter part of the game, there was no shortage of opportunities for offensive production by Wisconsin. The team distributed the ball well to the outsides, a strength Wisconsin has maintained from past seasons even with two freshman starting on the outside. Freshman midfielder Kinley McNicoll sent several quality crosses into the box and took four shots throughout the game. Walls also took four shots in the game, three of which were on net. And with both Walls and her wingman up top, redshirt junior Paige Adams, both scoring goals, Wilkins is pleased with the potential she is seeing.“There were three goals, I would like to finish more chances if we can but it is great to get both Paige and Cara up on the board,” Wilkins said.But possession on the attack is where the Badgers fell short, making weak passes at times and losing the 50-50 battles in the middle of the field.“At this point in the season I would really like us to be cleaner in some of our passes, keeping possession, and moving off the ball,” Wilkins said. “I thought we lost some of our transition and things we had done well before in the past.” On defense, in the first three games of the season, UW’s defense had solid performances, shutting out Notre Dame, South Dakota State and Loyola Chicago. However, the past three games have all resulted in two goals against the Badgers.Wisconsin held the Redbirds to just six shots on goal throughout the game Sunday. The Badger defensive line looked strong, but a lack of experience with two freshmen in the back showed.Small mistakes while in possession of the ball inside Wisconsin’s defensive half handed Illinois State opportunities to score.Star Illinois State forward Rachel Tejada took advantage of a mistake by the Badger defense that resulted in a Redbird goal to tie the game up in the second half and send the game to overtime.Wilkins said that while she was happy with the outcome, better transitioning in future games will eliminate such mistakes from happening.“I think it has to do with us keeping the ball. We are giving away balls in bad areas and giving up fouls; it is really about being better in the transition,” Wilkins explained. “I think that is the part we are going to focus on for Milwaukee.”Redshirt senior goaltender Lauren Gunderson was an exception to the inconsistent Badger display. Both goals against Wisconsin were shots even the pros would probably have a difficult time saving. Gunderson made four saves in the game and remained a positive reinforcement for her defensive unit.With a game against UW-Milwaukee Wednesday, Wisconsin will have just two days to make the adjustments needed to be victorious over its neighboring foe.But having lost just one game thus far this season, UW has showed it is a force to be reckoned with and possesses the potential to deliver a solid performance and finish near the top of the conference standings.last_img read more

A year after nearly quitting football, Kendall Coleman has ascended to new heights

first_imgWhen Kendall Coleman texted his parents, Nikki and Kevin, that he thought he didn’t want to play football anymore, they knew he was serious.Coleman’s always been deliberate, Nikki said. If her son says something, he means it. So, days after tearing his left labrum against Louisville in November 2017 — his second major injury that season — Coleman reached out to his parents. Kevin, as Nikki remembered, felt Coleman should stay at Syracuse.“I’m not going to make you stay but I want you think about this,” she recalled Kevin telling Coleman on the phone. “Life is hard. We can’t give you anything. You have to earn everything. And yes, you have had unfortunate injuries, but you know, that’s some of the trials and tribulations. So we want you to think about that because this was your dream.”A day later, Coleman called them back. His mind was made up. He’d stay at SU.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textIn the nearly year-and-a-half since, Coleman’s grown into a dominant force off the edge of Syracuse’s defensive line. After two injury-plagued years, Coleman’s body caught up with his technique and he reaped the rewards in 2018, totaling 10 sacks — tied for 10th in the country. But Coleman’s unsatisfied. Prior to his junior season, he wrote down a list of goals: Record double-digit sacks, 40 or more tackles and earn an All-Atlantic Coast Conference selection. In his final season this fall, he intends to achieve the latter two.“Understand what my goals are for my individual self and where I want to take my career and then go out there and just perform,” Coleman said of his 2019 mindset. “Perform through doing my job.”When he arrived at Syracuse in 2016, Coleman looked like a linebacker at 6-foot-3 inches tall and 235 pounds. Yet, he only managed two bench press repetitions of 225 pounds.Still, the undersized freshman from Indianapolis, Indiana pushed into the starting lineup, playing in all 12 games — 11 starts — at defensive end. Coaches loved his relentless work ethic and with a thin group of ends. He recorded a sack and led SU’s freshmen with 29 tackles. Coleman took hold of his spot, even if he wasn’t quite ready.Head coach Dino Babers said Coleman simply outworked anyone threatening his spot. Unable to overpower ACC offensive linemen, Coleman leaned on his techniques, placing his main focus on becoming a skillful pass rusher. Defensive tackle Josh Black said he frequently finds Coleman before and after practice and workouts on his own, honing his technique with drill after drill.“I would say that the smaller or less fitting to your position that you are, the more you have to outsmart your opponent,” Coleman said. “And when you add size and the right elements to your ability on the field, then outsmarting your opponent is something that’s an option.”Coleman understood his need for improved technique, at the time — it was the only way to be effective. But injuries piled up his sophomore year. He wishes now that he spent more time on his physique, getting to the necessary physical level to stay healthier, longer.Against LSU on Sept. 23, 2017, Coleman left the game with a right foot injury. He missed the next four games before returning against Florida State on Nov. 4.Coleman’s game experience seemed nullified by the injuries happening at a rate he hadn’t experienced before. Nikki said Coleman dealt with a handful of other injuries like a broken thumb and a pulled ligament. Coleman, who’s body held up at Cathedral (Indiana) High School, showed the wear of college football.His numbers soon dipped and he finished the season with half a sack. He felt he wasn’t helping the team as much as he could’ve or should’ve.“‘I gotta improve, I gotta improve, I gotta improve,’” Black said of Coleman’s mindset through their first two years. “But sometimes, you gotta rest a little bit, make the injury feel a little bit better.”Then he tore his left labrum again, texted his parents and nearly quit football.In that moment, when Coleman wanted to step away, he immersed himself. Technique and hustle got him the starting job, but Coleman needed to do more to stay healthy — to become elite.He redoubled his efforts in the weight room and in film review, poring over technique and alignment. He focused on strengthening his upper body to incorporate more power pass-rushing moves into his arsenal. This winter, he tallied 17 reps of 225 on the bench press.With two years of starting experience, and finally healthy, Coleman wreaked havoc in 2018. He finished with the second-most sacks in the ACC. He played a massive role in one of Syracuse’s best defenses, and seasons, in decades.Even after the ascension — which almost never happened — Coleman is still unhappy with where he is. Not because finishing second in the ACC in sacks wasn’t enough, but because he could finish second in the country.“He’s mentally relentless,” Babers said. “I mean like, he doesn’t have a bad day at practice… You don’t yell at him to pick it up. I can’t recall doing that. When you have a guy that plays like that all the time, great things are going to happen to him.” Comments Published on April 10, 2019 at 10:48 pm Contact Andrew: | @A_E_Graham Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

Saints make last eight of Munster Junior Cup

first_imgThey’re out of the competion following a 3-1 defeat away to Fairview Rangers of Limerick. The Tipp Town side defeated Waterford Hibernians 2-0 in a 5th Round tie played in Donohill.Saints’ goals came from Pa Quinn and David Slattery.The news for Old Bridge wasn’t as good.last_img

Ilerika Promises Future Stars for Eagles

first_imgHead Coach of the U15 National Team, Future Eagles, Haruna Ilerika has said that the focus of the Nigeria Football Federation and the technical crew of the team is to build a formidable youth football system with the project.“For any country, football development is the key. The advanced countries have taken youth football development serious for decades and I am happy the NFF has also embraced the youth development. We look forward to building the stars of the future from this level, it’s a laudable project and we have started reaping the gains gradually with the progression of some the boys into the recent Golden Eaglets team. Kelechi Iheanacho passed through this stage in 2010 and in 2018 he featured at the FIFA World Cup. We have set our target at grooming the boys for a positive transition and progression,” Ilerika said last night.The Future Eagles are currently camping in Sagamu, Ogun State ahead of an Eight-Nation U16 Invitational Tournament in Japan next month. Future Eagles “The camp has been good; the boys are responding positively. The boys understand that the moment they are in camp, they must stay focused. We are here for business. We have been building team chemistry and character and bonding has been great. I’m impressed with the boys’ improvement,” he said.Ilerika commended the NFF/Zenith Bank U13 and U15 project for the scouting process of raw talents across the country. “The boys in camp were players discovered from the NFF/Zenith U13 and U15 Future Eagles project, the competition is played from inter-state stage. The states event produced teams for the Zonal stage, while the geo-political zones produce teams for the National event. We scouted the boys in the Future Eagles team from this tournament organized by the Federation and their sponsor. Some of these boys featured in the Africa Youth Games in Algeria last year. We also had some of them in Morocco for two friendly matches in 2017.”The Future Eagles are expected to depart for Japan in two weeks for the invitational tournament scheduled for Sendai. “We will give the tournament a good fight, we hope to emerge as champions because if the boys start winning at this youth level, the winning mentality will be with the boys as they progress in their career and that will key into their mindset about emerging as champions at the world level.“The tournament will be interesting for the boys, we’ll be playing against Japan, with big history in Asia, and Romania – a wonderful team from Europe. Mexico are coming from the Southern America, the country is known for fast football style of play, our boys will have this opportunity to learn and compete with players from different continents.”The Future Eagles a tune-up yesterday and will play another today against Remo Stars U15 and Ekofootball Future Stars in home-and-away format.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more